The Impact of White Supremacy on African American Families

White supremacy is a socio-political ideology that asserts the superiority of the white race over other races, particularly over people of African descent. This ideology has been a prevailing force in shaping the historical and contemporary experiences of African Americans, imprinting a profound impact on family structures, economic opportunities, health, and overall well-being. This article aims to explore the numerous ways white supremacy has affected African American families throughout history and continues to do so today.

Historical Context

The legacy of white supremacy on African American families can be traced back to the era of slavery. This brutal system forcibly disrupted African family units, separating loved ones through the sale of human beings as chattel. The systematic and intentional fracturing of African families was a form of psychological warfare that sought to undermine the strength and resilience of African communities.

Post-slavery, during the Jim Crow era, African American families faced racial segregation, economic disadvantage, and systemic violence. The denial of quality education and opportunities for wealth accumulation prevented many African American families from achieving economic mobility. These racialized economic disadvantages are deeply ingrained, with effects persisting in the form of wealth gaps that continue to this day.

Contemporary Impacts

In the present day, the impacts of white supremacy on African American families are evident across multiple domains.

  1. Economic Inequality: Despite the progress made since the civil rights movement, stark racial disparities persist in wealth and income, a direct result of centuries of systemic racism. Discriminatory practices like redlining and the racial wage gap have limited the economic opportunities available to African American families.
  2. Criminal Justice System: African Americans are disproportionately represented in the criminal justice system. This overrepresentation, driven by systemic racism and bias, leads to higher rates of incarceration, which disrupts families and has profound long-term impacts on children and communities.
  3. Health Disparities: African Americans face significant disparities in health outcomes. The stress of living in a racially biased society, along with disparities in access to quality healthcare, contribute to higher rates of chronic diseases and lower life expectancies.
  4. Education: Racial disparities in educational opportunities and outcomes persist, due largely to systemic racism. This includes underfunded schools in predominantly African American neighborhoods and the school-to-prison pipeline, which disproportionately affects African American students.


The legacy of white supremacy continues to cast a long shadow over African American families, manifesting in economic inequality, disparities in the criminal justice system, health disparities, and unequal access to quality education. While progress has been made, acknowledging and addressing the deep-seated roots of systemic racism is crucial for creating a society that offers equal opportunities to all its members, regardless of their racial or ethnic background.

Moving forward, it is essential to continue confronting and dismantling systemic racism and white supremacy at all levels of society, from individual attitudes and behaviors to institutional policies and practices. By doing so, we can begin to rectify the historical injustices inflicted upon African American families and work toward a future characterized by genuine equality and justice.

With Love, Lakischa Smith

Meet Lakischa Smith, a proud mother and a dedicated public health advocate. With a Bachelor’s from Dillard University and a Master’s in Public Health from Florida International University, she’s committed to sharing honest narratives about black motherhood. Lakischa believes in fostering sisterhood to combat the pervasive forces of white supremacy, and empowering African American women to be agents of change for future generations. She asserts that recognizing and addressing our community’s struggles is crucial, for healing is the key to moving forward. Armed with the power of education and a deep belief in collective action, Lakischa is determined to ensure that the issues impacting African American maternal health aren’t just seen—they’re addressed and resolved.

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